Parenting styles are often categorized by the amount of demands placed on a child as well as the level of warmth that the child receives. Each parenting style differs slightly in these two areas, which has a drastic impact on the child. These two aspects of parenting have an affect on several things that are of great importance to the self.
Obedience remains important for a child as they grow into an adult. Obedient children are more likely to follow societal norms, such as not stealing, listen in school and less likely to get into legal trouble as adults. This is because they have been taught to follow rules. Authoritarian parents focus on punishment and are known to raise obedient children because this is the strictest of the parenting styles.
On the opposite end of the spectrum are uninvolved and permissive parenting styles. Due to the lack of discipline, most children that are raised with these parenting styles are more likely to get into trouble as both children and adults.
Authoritative parenting requires that children follow rules, but also nurtures children so that instead of blindly following rules, they learn to respect rules and want to follow them. These children are less likely to get into trouble than the latter two parenting styles.
The way that a child is treated when they are younger, and as they grow older, has a drastic impact on their self esteem. In parenting styles, this refers to the level of warmth that the child receives as well as the relationship with the parent.
Parenting styles that have a low level of warmth and nurturing, such as authoritarian and uninvolved, often create children that have low self esteem. They have difficulty making decisions because of this.
Authoritarian is a parenting style that takes the child’s emotions into consideration and involves a positive relationship between the parent and child. Because it has a higher level of warmth, these children will have healthier self esteem. Permissive parenting can also raise a child with a strong sense of self.
Different parenting styles can also help predict whether a child is likely to succeed in school. Uninvolved and permissive parenting styles are not predictors of whether a child will or will not. Studies have noted that authoritarian parenting styles might result in less successful children in higher grades, and authoritative parenting style encourages children to have the self motivation required for success in school.
Parenting styles can affect every aspect of a child, not just the three mentioned above. It can also have a significant impact on:
- Whether kids are okay with sharing their personal opinions
- Level of aggressiveness
- Future planning
- Level of responsibility
- The ability to properly determine safety risks without outside help
- Dental health
Specific parenting styles are known to have direct impacts on certain areas. For example, uninvolved and permissive parents are more likely to have obese children because they do not limit junk food. Other parenting styles are more likely to have negative impacts on certain areas as well.
Parenting styles remain a critical component in raising a well rounded, successful child. They can impact every single part of a child’s life, from their cognitive development and thought processes to their physical health.